Local Heart, Global Soul

December 14, 2015

More Than 50 Million Bikes For 19 Million People…

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

The 1973 oil crisis began in October 1973 when the members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC, consisting of the Arabmembers of the OPEC plus Egypt and Syria) proclaimed an oil embargo as a response to American involvement in the 1973 Yom Kippur War.

Six days after Egypt and Syria launched a surprise military campaign against Israel to regain territories lost in the June 1967 Six-Day War, the US supplied Israel with arms.

OAPEC announced the oil embargo against Canada, Japan, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the US.
By the end of the embargo in March 1974, the price of oil had risen from $3 per barrel to nearly $12 globally, in the US prices were significantly higher.

The oil crisis, or “shock”, the embargo caused had many short-term and long-term effects on global politics and the global economy.
The crisis had a major impact on international relations and created a rift within NATO. Some European nations and Japan sought to disassociate themselves from United States foreign policy in the Middle East.
To address this, the Nixon Administration began multilateral negotiations with the combatants and arranged for Israel to pull back from the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights.
By January 18, 1974, Henry Kissinger had negotiated an Israeli troop withdrawal from parts of the Sinai Peninsula. The promise of a negotiated settlement between Israel and Syria was enough to convince Arab oil producers to lift the embargo in March 1974.
The Dutch were forced during the embargo on try and make Sunday into a “car-less day” so took to their bikes, and this they did with a vengeance, cycling , rollerskating and picnicking on the empty streets. Some say that they cycled on the empty motorways, others say this is a myth. According to Himself and other Dutch, apparently the biggest impact was however that the Dutch discovered the financial, time and physical benefits to using their bikes and so the Dutch love affair with cycling began.

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

Wikipedia: 1973 Oil Crisis

Sand Sculpture Garderen / Zandsculpturen Garderen

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