Local Heart, Global Soul

April 1, 2018

History of Banks Peninsular.

Filed under: Canterbury & Region,Christchurch: Gondola,NEW ZEALAND,PHOTOGRAPHY — kiwidutch @ 1:00 am
Tags: , ,

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

The next information board at Christchurch’s gondola is all about the history of the area.

The map that goes with this board gives a really good idea of how New Zealand’s Banks Peninsular was formed and how it looks today.

The gondola sits on the very edge of one of two extinct volcanoes, both of which had breaches in their rims in one spot which turned them into natural harbours.

The gondola gives a good view of Lyttelton Harbour but Akaroa harbour faces a completely different direction so is not visible from this side of Lyttleton harbour, or indeed from most of Lyttelton harbour. The map makes it clear why this is so.

History of Banks Peninsular.

Banks Peninsula is a spectacular landscape, covering approximately 450 square miles and comprised of extinct volcano whose craters for the Harbours of Lyttelton and Akaroa. The first known inhabitants of this area were the Maori people During the 17th century the Ngai Tahu people established fortified pa (villages). On 16th February 1770, explorer Captain James Cook, sighted the Peninsula. he mistakenly concluded it was an island and nmed the feature in honour of the Endeavour’s botinist, Joseph Banks.

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

During the 1830’s Banks Peninsula became a European whaling centre and was frequently visited by the French, American and British deep-sea whalers.

Trade was established between the Europeans and the Maori. The local native people however, succumbed in large numbers to disease and inter-tribal warfare, particularly from raids of Te Rauparaha, chief of the North Island tribe, Ngati Toa.

Many remember Te Rauparaha as the author of the haka ” Ka mate, ka mate”. In 1838 Captain Langlois, a French whaler, decided Akaroa would make a good French settlement and “purchased” the Peninsula in a dubious land deal with local Maori.

He returned to France and set sail for New Zaland with an advance guard of French settlers. They arrived in August 1840 to find that British sovereignty had already been proclaimed over the whole of New Zealand, including the South Island. All hopes of a French colony taking shape were therefore destroyed. Meanwhile British settlers were increasing rapidly and numerous small settlements were founded. Akaroa was quickly established as the first planned township in the South Island, with the South Island’s first post office, police force, magistrates and customs house. Since the 1850’s, Lyttelton and then Christchurch outgrew Akaroa. Over the years Akaroa has maintained many French influences and is now a popular holiday resort.

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

Leave a Comment »

No comments yet.

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Blog at WordPress.com.

%d bloggers like this: