Local Heart, Global Soul

July 29, 2019

North Holland, But Not The Most Northerly Province….

Following yesterdays post, the area we are “visiting” via the painted “klompen” (clogs) is North Holland. “Noord Holland” (North Holland) is a province of the Netherlands located in the northwestern part of the country. It is situated on the North Sea, north of South Holland and Utrecht, and west of Friesland and Flevoland. In 2015, it had a population of 2,762,163 and a total area of 2,670 km2 (1,030 sq mi).

From the 9th to 16th century, the area was an integral part of the County of Holland. During this period West Friesland was incorporated. In the 17th and 18th century, the area was part of the province of Holland and commonly known as the Noorderkwartier (English: “Northern Quarter”). In 1840, the province of Holland was split into the two provinces of North Holland and South Holland. In 1855, the Haarlemmermeer was drained and turned into land.

The capital and seat of the provincial government is Haarlem, and the province’s largest city is the Netherlands’ capital Amsterdam. More than half of the province consists of reclaimed polder land situated below sea level. The West Frisian islands of Noorderhaaks and Texel are also part of the province.”

Wikipedia / Province North Holland / The Netherlands

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

July 28, 2019

Schiphol, Its Story Continues To Grow…

I fixed the missing text in yesterday’s post (sadly I can only blame this on ‘operator error” rather than a technical failure of any variety. Apologies again.

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

My next Garderen 2017 decorated fiberglass clog is all about Schiphol Airport.

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol , known informally as Schiphol Airport (Dutch: Luchthaven Schiphol, is the main international airport of the Netherlands.

It is located 9 kilometres (5.6 miles) southwest of Amsterdam, in the municipality of Haarlemmermeer, North Holland.

It is the world’s eleventh busiest by total passenger traffic in 2017, third-busiest in Europe in terms of passenger volume and busiest in Europe in terms of aircraft movement.

The airport is built as a single-terminal concept: one large terminal split into three large departure halls.

Schiphol opened on 16 September 1916 as a military airbase.

The end of the First World War also saw the beginning of civilian use of Schiphol Airport and the airport eventually lost its military role completely. In 1949, it was decided that Schiphol was to become the primary airport of the Netherlands. The expansion came at the cost of a small town called Rijk, which was demolished to make room for the growing airport.

Before 1852, the entire Haarlemmermeer polder in which the airport lies was a large lake with some shallow areas. There are multiple stories of how the place got its name. The most popular story is that in the shallow waters sudden violent storms could claim many ships.

Winds were particularly strong in the Schiphol area since the prevailing wind direction is from the south-west, and Schiphol lies in the north-eastern corner of the lake. In English, Schiphol translates to “Ships Hell”, a reference to many ships supposedly lost in the lake. When the lake was reclaimed, however, no shipwrecks were found.

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

Another possible origin of the name is the word “scheepshaal”.

A scheepshaal is a ditch or small canal in which ships would be towed from one lake to another.

A third explanation would be that the name derived from the words schip hol.

This is a low-lying area of land (hol) from where wood would be obtained to build ships.

There is quite a lengthy entry about Schipol on the Wikipedia website, and even though we fly reasonably often, one thing I didn’t know previously about the airport is:

The Rijksmuseum operates an annex at the airport, offering a small overview of both classical and contemporary art. Admission to the exhibits is free.

In summer 2010, Schiphol Airport Library opened alongside the museum, providing passengers access to a collection of 1,200 books (translated into 29 languages) by Dutch authors on subjects relating to the country’s history and culture.  The 89.9 m2 (968 sq ft) library offers e-books and music by Dutch artists and composers that can be downloaded free of charge to a laptop or mobile device.

I also learned: “The Schiphol air traffic control tower, with a height of 101 m (331 ft), was the tallest in the world when constructed in 1991. Schiphol is geographically one of the world’s lowest major commercial airports. The entire airport is below sea level. The lowest point sits at 3.4 m (11 ft) below sea level: 1.4 m (4.5 ft) below the Dutch Normaal Amsterdams Peil (NAP). The runways are around 3 m (9.8 ft) below NAP.

Wikipedia / Schiphol Airport / Province North Holland / The Netherlands.

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

(photograph © Kiwidutch)

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